Issue 25- 29th April 2009

This is the 25th issue of the Europafrica bulletin, which will give you an up-date on the implementation process of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy. The bulletin is issued once a month. Subscribe by sending an e-mail to: europafrica@ecdpm.org.

As you might have recognized already, our domain name has changed: From May on, you will be automatically redirected to www.europafrica.net and www.europafrique.net.

Joint Africa-EU Strategy

EP-PAP Involvement in the Joint Africa-EU Strategy – an agreement was reached
According to the official website of the AU-EU, the European and Pan-African Parliaments, the EU and AU Presidencies, and the two Commissions have met on the 23rd of March 2009 to discuss the involvement of the two Parliaments in the Strategy.
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New Publication on the JAES: Mind the Gap
Reforms have been high on the European agenda since the end of the 1990s. The changes in the overall institutional machinery for dealing with European external relations and administering aid have received considerable attention. The yearly reports of EuropeAid on the implementation of EC aid testify of the progresses achieved and the further challenges ahead in terms of improving aid delivery .
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The Joint Africa-EU Partnership on Democratic Governance and Human Rights
A publication on the proceedings of a conference organised by the European office of Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and the Brussels office of the Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung Brussels, 28-29 October 2008.
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Africa-European Union Strategic Partnership Presented to European Parliamentarians
According to the African Union, a meeting to inform EU Parliamentarians on the Africa-European Union strategic partnership was held on Monday 6 April 2009, at the headquarters of the African Union in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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Europe urged to develop coherent policy on Africa
An article posted on the Business Daily website stated that Europe has been urged to harmonise its policy framework with Africa even as it announced assistance to help developing economies shield themselves from effects of the global financial crisis.
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Conclusions of the AU Peace and Security Council Retreat on Mechanisms of Interaction with Civil Society Organisations
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) held a retreat in Livingstone, Zambia, from 4 to 5 December 2008. The objective of the Retreat was to consider an appropriate mechanism for interaction between Peace and Security Council and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa within the framework of Article 20 of the PSC protocol.
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EU–AU relations: What role for civil society?
An article published on the weekly forum for social justice in Africa sets out the background to the JAES and Human Rights Dialogue and civil society’s participation. With African and European ministers set to meet in Brussels on 28 April to assess the progress of the Joint Africa EU Strategy (JAES) adopted in Lisbon in December 2007, Carmen Silvestre emphasizes the importance of the meeting for both African and European civil society.

ISS-ECDPM Seminar Report
The Report of the ISS Public Seminar: Challenges of Europe-Africa Relations in 2009: Independent Perspectives from Europe and Africa Co-Hosted by the Conflict Prevention Programme (CPP), ISS Addis Ababa and the European Centre for Development Policy Management, March 3, 2009.
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The AU-EU Expert Report on the Principle of Universal Jurisdiction
The 10th and 11th meetings of the AU-EU Ministerial Troika addressed the issue of universal jurisdiction in the context of the relationship between the AU and the EU. The report is now available online on the official website of Europe and Africa – click here

Agenda for the 12th Africa-EU Ministerial Troika Meeting
The 12th Africa-EU Ministerial Troika Meeting has taken place on the 28th of April 2009 in Luxembourg. On the agenda of the Troika were : 1) global challenges, 2) Implementation of the Joint Strategy/First Action Plan, 3) Recent Developments since the 11th Troika Meeting, 4) African integration process after the AU Summit in Addis, and 5) legal issues. The full agenda can be downloaded from the official Africa-EU website: click here

Report on the 12th Africa – European Union (EU) Ministerial Troika Meeting
Within the framework of the Africa-European Union Dialogue, the 12th Ministerial Meeting of the African and EU Troikas took place in Luxembourg on 28 April 2009. Below is a summary of the key issues discussed:
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European Union

Commission welcomes rise in EU development aid in difficult economic times but warns that efforts must be stepped-up
The European Commission welcomed the increase of aid levels, following the official announcement of the 2008 figures by the OECD. Despite the financial crisis, aid volumes provided by Member States have increased by around 8 percent in 2008. Fears remain however that the unfolding economic crisis will have a negative impact on the 2009 aid levels putting agreed 2010 targets in jeopardy. The Commission urges Member States to stick to their aid commitments as aid plays a vital countercyclical role in poor countries severely hit by the economic crisis.
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Friends of Europe event: Outlook Africa -Investing in Africa’s growth and health
The second international two-day policy summit “Outlook Africa: Investing in Africa’s Growth and Health” will focus international policymakers’ thinking exclusively on the African continent. The impact of the global financial turmoil on the continent will be in the spotlight of the opening session.
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17th Session of the ACP-EU Meetings in Prague (4th-9th April 2009)
The on-going ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly in Prague, Czech Republic involves meetings of the Committee on Economic Development, Finance and Trade, the Committee on Political Affairs, and the Committee on Social Affairs and the Environment.
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ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly: world food and financial crisis take centre stage
The world food and financial crisis, and debate on how best to ensure that EU-ACP economic partnership agreements foster development, took centre stage at the 17th session of the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly (JPA), in Prague (Czech Republic) from 4 to 9 April 2009. Delegates debated how best to establish peace and stability in Somalia, a Horn of Africa country afflicted by piracy at sea and fierce fighting between African Union peacekeepers and Islamic rebels on land.

New information on Aid for Trade from the EC
The European Commission has published a new document on Aid for Trade. This publication provides a clearer picture of this development assistance strategy. It examines the broad scope of Aid for Trade, explains the key types of Aid for Trade under the themes of “narrow” Aid for Trade (Trade Related Assistance) and “Wider” Aid for Trade, emphasizes EU’s strong commitment to Aid for Trade agenda and provides information on EU’s Aid for Trade activities in Africa.
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Expert Meeting – Which future for the European Neighbourhood Policy?
Experts from the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) discuss with Members of the European Parliament and the European Commission. On 15 April 2009, from 17.00–18.30, at the European Parliament, Room ASP 1H1.
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No Time to Waste! EC’s Speedy Action on G20
The European Commission is the first to act on G20 with a strategy to support developing countries. Less than a week after the London Summit, the European Commission outlines a range of actions which the EU can take now to help developing countries weather the ongoing economic crisis.
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Helping developing countries during the financial crisis
The European Union has recognized that the current recession is affecting the global system at all levels – overturning the old notion that globalisation could only be good. The hardest hit are those who were already the world’s poorest – particularly those who had begun to climb out of poverty.
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Food and financial crisis
$50 billion for poor countries is certainly not enough to compensate them for $750 billion of lost growth in 2009 alone”, said Co-President Glenys Kinnock, commenting on the G20’s response in London on 2 April, to the impact of the crisis on the world’s poor. The role of the Cotonou Partnership Agreement in addressing the food and financial crisis in ACP countries will be debated on the afternoon of Monday 6 April.
More information available from the European Parliament’s Press Release

Africa

Kadhafi on Peace and Security with AUC Officials
Libyan leader and Chairman of the African Union (AU), Mouammar Kadhafi Sunday met with officials of the AU Commission (AUC) on peace and security issues in the African continent at the AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia says AU Monitor.
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Mauritius Proposes to hold the July AU Summit
According to the AU Monitor, Mauritius has proposed to hold the African Union summit which was due to be held in Madagascar in July, Foreign Affairs Minister Arvin Boolell said on Thursday.
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‘Too Soon’ for Pan-African Parliament to Get Legislative Powers
AU Monitor reports that the Pan African Parliament (PAP) is due for a major review that may result in the continental legislature assuming limited oversight powers. Based in Midrand, the institution completed its first five years this month.
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G20: How did Africa do?
From Reuters Africa blog, comes varying opinions on Africa’s performance at the G20 summit. Before the G20 meeting, there was a lot of talk inside and outside Africa about making sure the continent did not get left out while the world’s richest and most powerful set out plans to save their own economies.
So how did Africa fare?
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Ghana to re-engage EU on trade pact
According to the All Africa website, Ghana’s Minister of Trade and Industry (MOTI), Ms. Hannah Tetteh has revealed that government intends to re-engage the European Union(EU); as part of a process of consultation with both internal and external stakeholders on what to do with the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA).
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Readings

G20 Leaders Promise Billions for Poor Nations
The leaders of the world’s 20 biggest economies, recognising that the global financial crisis has ‘a disproportionate impact’ on vulnerable people in poor countries, have promised to make hundreds of billions of United States dollars available to these countries as part of a $1.1 trillion plan to rescue the world economy.

The Challenge of Unlawful Changes of Regime
Africa’s post-colonial history is plagued with unconstitutional changes of government, principally through the staging of military coups. The last eight months have seen the governments of three African countries being toppled by military officers (i.e. Mauritania, 6 August 2008, Guinea, 23 December 2008, Madagascar, 17 March 2009), while some other changes in government across the continent have, strictly interpreted, also been unconstitutional.

The recession’s storm holds a silver lining for development cooperation
Governments’ typical reaction to economic crisis is to help at home and leave others to fend for themselves. But Jean-Michel Debrat of the Agence française de Développement and Simon Maxwell of the UK’s Overseas Development Institute say in Europe’s World that giving a hand to poorer countries at this critical point will benefit everyone.
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Calendar

29-30.04.2009 10th Brussels Development Briefing on IUU, Brussels
29-30.04.2009 Conference “Outlook Africa: Investing in Africa’s growth and health” – Friends of Europe
4-8.05.2009 Africa-EU Partnership on MDGs – 4th session of the AU Conference of AU Health Ministers “Universal Access to Quality Health Services: Improve Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health”, Addis
6-7.05.2009 Africa-EU Partnership on Energy – technical meeting with the involvement of the key Africa energy experts, Kampala, Uganda
6-8.05.2009 IST Africa 2009
08.05.2009 Africa-EU Partnership on Democratic Governance and Human Rights – 6th EU Implementation Team meeting, Berlin, Germany
11.05.2009 11th Brussels Development Briefing on “Food safety and agricultural health standards: Implications for ACP exports”, Brussels
14.05.2009 Africa-EU Partnership on Science, Information Society and Space – EU Implementation team meeting, Brussels, Belgium. For more events please see official EU-Africa website: http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org/

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