Draft of JAES Action Plan: Trade, Regional Integration and Infrastructure Partnership

AU and EU The draft of the JAES Action Plan 2011-2013 for the Partnership on Trade, Regional Integration and Infrastructure as communicated in the report of the 11th meeting of the Joint AUC-EC Task Force (JTF) reads “This Partnership comprises three components, namely Regional Integration, Trade and Infrastructure.

I. Overall Objectives:

Support of African economic integration and development agenda in line with the Abuja Treaty and its implementing strategies, notably the African Minimum Integration Programme and Action Plan (MIP), Accelerated Industrial Development for Africa (AIDA) Action Plan, the Africa Mining Vision (AMV) and the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA).

Support to the AUC, RECs and African States efforts for rationalising and harmonizing trade and investment laws, regulatory frameworks and procedures with a view to improving the investment climate.

With respect to Infrastructure:
a. Pursue priority regional and continental-level infrastructure (transport, energy, ICT, water sectors) for increased interconnectivity through continued project development, reinforced coordination and advocacy for backbone infrastructure.
b. Promote safe and efficient transport services through application of modern technology and support for harmonisation and enforcement of policies and regulations, notably in air and maritime sectors
c. Support institutional reinforcement and capacity building in continental and regional-level institutions.

II. Specific initiatives and activities of Action Plan 2011-2013 by priority area

A.    Regional integration:
Priority 1: Dialogue on the political dimension, policies and experiences on regional integration in Europe and in Africa and on integration in the global economy, including on:

1.    exchange of information between the EU, AU and RECs on integration processes;
2. the development dimension and impact on the African economies of existing (EU- MED, TDCA, African regional economic agreements) and up-coming (EPAs) trade agreements to which African States are parties
3. the impact of the implemented agreements on the Africa overall integration agenda
4. the EU experience of developing and implementing common institutions and policies
5. Cooperation on liberalisation of Trade and services ;
6. The findings of the all-ACP study on regional integration monitoring and the AUC study on the Minimum Integration Programme (MIP) and follow-up to be given.

Expected Results: Platform for policy and political dialogue and exchange of information on the regional integration process in Europe with the view to assisting regional integration process in Africa is established

Main actors: AUC, RECs, Africa and EU MS, EC (DG DEV, TRADE, MARKT) and concerned International Organisations.

B.    Trade
Priority 2: Customs and Trade Facilitation:

1. Facilitate cooperation between EU and African customs administrations on customs reforms to conform to internationally agreed standards, in particular in the context of supply chain security as well as on the current African process for development of common Transit procedures, on training and capacity building, including the organisation of Customs Blueprints seminars.
2. Exchange of information with a view to support the interconnectivity of computerized Customs systems within Africa, taking into account existing customs computer projects, e.g.UNCTAD Asycuda.

Main actors: EC (TAXUD; DEV), the AUC, African and EU Member States, African business community and concerned donors or international organisations such as the World Customs Organisation.

Financing: Different sources can be considered within the European Development Fund (e.g., depending on commitments already made, AUC support programme; ongoing regional or all-ACP programmes with trade, customs, fiscal or capacity components; regional technical cooperation facilities (TCF) or within the cooperation or training programmes of EU Member States.

Expected Results: Creation of efficient customs systems in Africa, enhanced dialogue on NTB issues and improved trade within Africa and between Africa and EU.

Priority 3: Improve the competitiveness and the diversification of African agriculture and industry notably by strengthening African capacities in the area of rules, standards and quality control:

1. As far as agriculture and agro-industry is concerned, enhance the capacity of administrations, producers and exporters at all levels to meet the regulatory requirements of export markets within Africa and the EU and strengthen harmonization of SPS frameworks within Africa
2.    As far as industry is concerned, enhance the capacity of administrations, producers and exporters at all levels to meet the regulatory requirements of export markets within Africa and the EU and support development of quality infrastructure in Africa
3. enhance competitiveness of African agriculture and agri-food industry through particular attention to Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary standards (SPS);
4.    follow up to the 2010 pre feasibility study on TBT Expected Results: Improved competitiveness and diversification of African agriculture
and industry. Main actors: AUC, RECs, Africa and EU MS, EC, UNIDO

Priority 4: Operationalization of Accelerated Industrial Development for Africa (AIDA) Plan of Action in cooperation of UNIDO, RECs and other institutions:
1. Support the implementation of the Accelerated Industrial Development Plan of Action to facilitate, among others, the upgrading of productive and trade capacities
2.    Discussion on the African Agribusiness and Agro-industry development initiative (3ADI) and explore possible avenues for cooperation
3. Discuss a policy framework on an enabling environment for promotion of industrial SMEs and explore possible avenues for cooperation.

Expected Results: Progress towards the operationalisation of AIDA Main actors: AUC, RECs, EC, UNIDO, Africa and EU Member States

Priority 5: Raw materials
We should work toward a coherent vision on development, mining and raw materials, taking into consideration the AU’s Africa mining Vision and the EU’s Raw Materials Initiative, to support African capacity at the appropriate national, sub-regional or continental level and within the available cooperation instruments, in particular:

1. On governance:
• Promoting natural resources governance including increasing revenue transparency( e.g. implementation of EITI and AMV), applying appropriate fiscal regimes and involving relevant stakeholders including the civil society;
•    Promote and provide training on best practices to negotiate mineral contracts;
•    Assist in developing policy scenarios for promoting trade and the sustainable development of the mining sector;

2.    On infrastructure and investment:
•    Help develop analytical tools for mapping mining development corridors for investment promotion, consistently with any general investment promotion strategy in place;
•    Cooperate to assess opportunities for increasing local content and value-added through local processing of African mineral resources, particularly by SMEs;
• Assist in improving mineral policy and related regulatory frameworks including on land use planning for minerals and authorization process in order to promote the investment climate;
•    Promote Corporate Social Responsibility;

3.    On geological knowledge and skills:
•    Facilitate exploring mineral resources potential in Africa;
•    Foster further co-operation between African and European geological surveys;
•    Support capacity building to help improve material stewardship, meaning the responsibility for environmental quality shared by all those actions affect the environment, including on rehabilitation of mining sites and management of secondary raw materials (recycling).

Expected Results: Improved governance, infrastructure and investment and geological knowledge and skills.

Main actors: DG ENTR; TRADE; DEV, EIB, the AUC, UNECA, Africa and EU Member States, geosurveys, civil society, private sector and concerned donors or international organizations.

Priority 6: Improve the investment climate
1.    Facilitate the exchange of best practices in the area of regional investment codes with a view to supporting harmonization, as foreseen in the Africa Action plan
2. Strengthen the African regional and continental private sector and Investment Promotion Agencies (IPAs) networks, such as AfrIPAnet, and create links with European partners building on solid business data and tools.
3.    Strengthen the Africa-EU business forum as a platform to promote business between Africa and Europe
Expected Results: Improved investment climate.

Main actors: AUC, RECs, Africa and EU MS, EC, UNIDO, Regional investment agencies

Priority 7: Support quality statistics in Africa
1. Support the provision of quality statistical services in Africa through the Implementation of the Charter on Statistics and of the strategy on the harmonization of statistics in Africa (SHaSA);
2. Strengthening the AUC capacity in statistics, notably transforming the Statistics Unit into a Division as decided by the AU Executive Council.

Expected Results: Improved quality statistics in Africa

Main actors: AU statistical unit (also called AUSTAT), Eurostat, in particular the ACP section of unit D2 (International Statistical Cooperation), statistical services of RECs and Africa and EU MS

C. Infrastructure

The EU and the AU established a partnership on Infrastructure (Energy, Transport and Telecoms/ICT) to raise awareness and encourage participation with regard to the aims and roles of the Partnership.

The EU – Africa Partnership for Infrastructure aims at becoming the EU’s response to the infrastructure gap that hinders Africa’s economic development. It should be implemented by the RECs and come under the EU – Africa Strategy. The EU-Africa Partnership on Infrastructures will continue to be managed and implemented according the institutional architecture approved by both parties through the Steering Committee assuming the role of the Joint Working Group.

Priority No 1: Support to AFUR and African Power Pools
• Institutional reinforcement and capacity building (training, exchange
programs) in energy market trading and management,
•    Transmission grid development,
•    Environment and social assessments,
• Project packaging and financing and governance (policies, codes and standards).

Expected Results: Increased capacity of AFUR and African Power Pools to sustain and further develop their activities and support their increased role as trade

Actors: AUC, AFUR, Power Pools, RECs, AFREC, AFSEC, EU related institutions

Priority No 2: Support to Air Transport Sector and Satellite Navigation
•    Harmonisation of aviation policies and regulations,
•    Support for aviation safety and security, surveillance and certification of air traffic management (ATM) activities and single sky for Africa and
• Technical assistance for implementation of new satellite based technologies for communication, navigation and surveillance and associated ATM procedures.
• For SBAS, setup and activity of Working Groups, staffing of African GNSS programme management entity, training of African experts, preliminary backbone infrastructure development and initial operations.

Expected Results:
• Strengthening of African continental and regional entities in charge of aviation legislation, regulation and enforcement, promoting liberalisation and improving air traffic management and air navigation services.
• Building of core technical capacity for SBAS (Satellite Based Augmentation Service) within relevant African organisations in each region and implementation of preliminary backbone infrastructure.

Actors: AUC, RECs, UNECA, ASECNA, AFCAC, ACAC, EU related institutions (ESA, EASA, SESAR)

Priority No 3: Maritime Transport Sector: enhancement of Maritime Safety and Security

In West African region:
•    Strengthening port state control regimes and coast guard service capability and sub-regional maritime educational institutions and
•    Enhancing vessel traffic monitoring and information. In Horn of Africa region:
• Support to implementation of maritime projects comprising capacity building, technical assistance and resource strategic planning and coordination,
•    Implementation of plan of action, establishment of coast guard network and institutional strengthening.

Expected Results:
• Enhancing maritime security, safety, environment protection and strengthening law-enforcement capability in West Africa and Horn of Africa regions
Actors: AUC, RECs, IMO, EU related institutions

Priority No 4: Transport Sector Development
•    Selection and appointment of TAH Corridor Coordinators and support team at AUC, strengthening of institutional coordination structures and capacity building with African actors, including RECs ;
•    Support to transport policy development and related studies, including trade facilitation
•    Technical support for project preparation and monitoring, training activities to project stakeholders (AUC, RECs, specialised organisations and national bodies, where appropriate).
•    Coordination with PIDA programme and support for Steering Committee of the EU- Africa Infrastructure Partnership

Expected Results:
•    Appointment    of    TAH    Corridor    Coordinators,
•    Updated policy for transport and improved sector governance, including study of new areas
•    Strengthened institutional coordination structures ,
•    Capacity building with African actors, including RECs, revised transport policy
•    Support to the coordination activities related to the PIDA programme in line with its road map and the EU-Africa Infrastructure Partnership agenda.

Actors: AUC, RECs, UNECA, SSATP, ICA, EU related institutions

Priority No 5: Establishment of a geo-database
• Initiate and coordinate the establishment of a database with other stakeholders, notably ECA, RECs, and Specialised Institutions, and with respect to actions planned under PIDA.

Expected Results:
•    Established geo-database.

Priority No 6: Support to Improving water governance for trans-boundary water
resources in Africa through promoting Integrated Water Resource Management
•    Institutional reinforcement and capacity development of ANBO and RBOs,
information and knowledge management,
•    Development and implementation of IWRM plans linked to national and
regional development plans, resources mobilisation.

Expected Results:
•    River Basin Organisations in Africa have developed and are implementing
basin wide Integrated Water Resource Management and Development
(IWRM&D) Plans.
• African Network of Basin Organisations (ANBO) have facilitated the
integration of water aspects into national and regional planning, and ANBO/AMCOW effectively participate in the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA).


Priority No 7: Support of PIDA programme
• Assignment ongoing; Sector studies, validation workshops and sector regional meetings.

Expected Results:
•    Summary prospects and Program Outlines,
•    regional and continental policy proposals and program orientations,
•    Formulation of Strategic Framework and Programs

Financing: Various sources including contribution of 9th EDF

Priority No 8: Strengthening of institutional coordination structures and capacity
building with African actors including RECs
• Review of institutional arrangements and recommendations for coordination and dialogue mechanisms,
•    Communication, consultations and workshops with the different stakeholders to assign roles and functions on a consensual and participative basis and
•    Preparation of the terms of reference for the rest of the process
•    Creation of an enabling platform for planning, implementation and delivery
of PIDA;
• Building capacity for programme planning, implementation, monitoring and delivery;
• Setting clear mechanisms and platforms for technical cooperation and resource mobilization with a focus on indigenous resources and the enhancement of the role of African Regional Banks ;

Expected Results : Improvement of institutional architecture structures which will increase regional integration.

Priority No 9: Improving regional connectivity and basic access to infrastructure services through the implementation in Energy, Water, Transport and ICT sectors of the EDF and other instruments and institutions: National Indicative Programmes, Regional Indicative Programmes, EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund, Port Moresby and Energy and Water Facilities; as part of the integrated strategic framework under this Partnership.”

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