Europafrica Bulletin Issue 42 – March 2011

This is the 42nd issue of the Europafrica bulletin, which will give you an up-date on the implementation process of the Joint Africa-EU Strategy and other relevant material. The bulletin is issued approximately 10 times a year. To subscribe click here. We appreciate any feedback on this newsletter and look forward to your reactions. You may send your comments to: europafrica@ecdpm.org

Enjoy your reading!
Your ECDPM Team

JAES
• FEATURE
• GENERAL

• PEACE AND SECURITY PARTNERSHIP

• GOVERNANCE AND HUMAN RIGHTS PARTNERSHIP
• TRADE, REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE PARTNERSHIP
• ENERGY PARTNERSHIP

• MDGs PARTNERSHIP
• CLIMATE CHANGE PARTNERSHIP
• MIGRATION, MOBILITY AND EMPLOYMENT PARTNERSHIP
• SCIENCE, INFORMATION SOCIETY AND SPACE PARTNERSHIP

Europe
Africa

Readings
Selection of recent and upcoming events

FEATURE
The EU’s new diplomats for Africa: Who are they and what policy context do they face?

ECDPM
Europe now has a new diplomatic institution, the European External Action Service (EEAS). But who are the recently appointed senior officials that will deal with Africa within the service? And what challenges will they face in EU policy towards Africa? Read the rest of this entry »

GENERAL
AU Member States committed to the transformation of the Commission into an Authority

AU The 4th meeting of African Union (AU) Government Experts for the transformation of the AU Commission into an Authority started today, 14 March 2011, at the organisation’s headquarters, to consider the draft legal instruments towards the transformation process. Read the rest of this entry »

Declaration of the European Council’s extraordinary session
EU 1. The European Council met today in an extraordinary session to discuss developments in Libya and the Southern neighbourhood region and set the political direction and priorities for future EU policy and action. Read the rest of this entry »

AU Peace and Security Council adopts decisions on the situation in Libya
AU The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 265th meeting held at the level of Heads of State and Government, on 10 March 2011, adopted the following decision on the situation in Libya Read the rest of this entry »

AU Peace and Security Council adopts decision on the situation in Côte d’ Ivoire
AU The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 265th meeting, held on 10 March 2011, at the level of Heads of State and Government, adopted the following decision on the situation in Côte d’Ivoire Read the rest of this entry »

EU support to governance in North Africa: The limits
ECDPM Talking Points
Today, the EU finds itself in a delicate position as it reflects on its reaction to the uprisings in the Southern Mediterranean.[i] The EU has been widely criticised for supporting Arab governments for so long and for making a 180 degrees turn only once the peoples of Tunisia and Egypt have already secured the change Read the rest of this entry »

Crises and opportunities in Africa
New Europe Under the theme ‘Towards Greater Unity and Integration through Shared Values’, the 16th Summit of the African Union gathered heads of state in Addis Ababa earlier this week. Whilst taking one step forward by increasing the relevance of the Summit as a continental diplomatic forum, the AU took two steps back Read the rest of this entry

PEACE AND SECURITY PARTNERSHIP
The African Union Ad Hoc High-Level Committee on Libya meets in Nouakchott on 19 March 2011

AU
The African Union (AU) Ad hoc High‐Level Committee on Libya, established in pursuance of the communiqué on the situation in Libya adopted by the 265th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) held in Addis Ababa, on 10 March 2011, will meet in Nouakchott, Mauritania Read the rest of this entry »

Joint EU statement on UN Security Council resolution on Libya
EU
The President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy, and EU High Representative Catherine Ashton  issued the following statement yesterday: We welcome Resolution 1973 approved tonight by the United Nations Security Council. We fully endorse the UN demand for a complete end to the violence and all attacks Read the rest of this entry »

AU-EU joint statement on the International Day Against the Use of Child Soldiers
EU On 12 February, the International Day against the Use of Child Soldiers, the African Union and the European Union jointly call for promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa and Europe and for the strengthening of efforts at all levels to prevent conflicts and protect children from the effects of war, including being forced to serve as combatants, sex slaves or servants. Read the rest of this entry »

Sudan: Joint Statement by the Witnesses of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
EU “We, the countries and organizations that witnessed the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, welcome the conclusion of the Southern Sudan referendum and the announcement of the final result by the Southern Sudan Referendum Commission Read the rest of this entry

AU High Representative for Somalia meets with EU Representatives
Mareeg.com At a meeting with EU represenatives in Nairobi H. E. Jerry John Rawlings, former President of Ghana and AU High Representative for Somalia made the following statement Read the rest of this entry »

Conference for African Parliamentarians on the African Union Support to the Implementation of the Djibouti Peace Process for Somalia
AU 1. The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) convened a conference on the theme “The African Union (AU) Support to the Implementation of the Djibouti Peace Process for Somalia” hosted by the Government of the Republic of Ghana in Accra from 28th February to 2nd March, 2011. Read the rest of this entry »

GOVERNANCE AND HUMAN RIGHTS PARTNERSHIP
EU Statement on presidential elections in Niger

EU Catherine Ashton, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the Commission, and Andris Piebalgs, EU Commissioner for Development made today the following statement: Read the rest of this entry »

EAC-COMESA-IGAD Joint Programme to Improve Governance
EAC A two-day meeting of the Technical Committee of the Regional Political Integration and Human Security Support Programme (RPIHSSP) to review status of implementation of the programme by the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) namely EAC, COMESA and IGAD Read the rest of this entry »

AU Observer Mission to Elections in Uganda
AU In response to an invitation from the Government of the Republic of Uganda, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, His Excellency Jean Ping, appointed and sent an Observer Mission to Uganda to observe the Presidential and Parliamentary elections held on February 18th 2011. Read the rest of this entry »

The African Governance Architecture
AUC/ UNECA The Decision of the 15th Ordinary Summit of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (Assembly/AU/Dec.304 (XV)) was to dedicate the theme of the 16th Ordinary AU Assembly to Shared Values of the African Union, and also mandated the African Union Commission (AUC) to put in place a Pan-African Architecture on Governance. Read the rest of this entry »

Nigeria: EU to observe the April elections
EU The European Union is deploying an Election Observation Mission (EOM) to Nigeria for the April 2011 elections, scheduled to take place over a period of three weeks, including National Assembly (April 2nd), Presidential (April 9th) and State House/Governor elections (April 16th). MEP Alojz Peterle Read the rest of this entry »

TRADE, REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE PARTNERSHIP
Improving social protection for informal workers in Africa: A multilateral approach to a multi-dimensional challenge
Africa and Europe in Partnership The Joint European Commission and African Union Commission Capacity Building Workshop on Social Protection in Africa – “Sharing experience on the informal economy” will take place on 10-11 March 2011 in Nairobi, Kenya. Its objective is to tackle the hazardous working conditions of informal economy workers Read the rest of this entry »

African member states call for the implementation of agreement on port rules for fishing vessels
CAADP The 29th Session of the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s (FAO) Committee on Fisheries (COFI) was concluded today at the FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy with calls from African members’ states for the immediate implementation of an agreement on the requirements that foreign fishing vessel must comply at fishing ports. Read the rest of this entry »

Burundi and Rwanda receive € 30.9 million from the EU backed COMESA Adjustment Facility
COMESA The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) has presented a total of Euros 30.9 million to the Republics of Burundi and Rwanda through the COMESA Adjustment Facility (CAF) which is supported by the European Union. The presentation Read the rest of this entry »

Legal Experts from AU Member States meet to Discuss African Monetary Fund
AU The issue of alternative sources of funding and effective operationalisation of the financial institutions of the African Union have been at the center of discussions of the Conference of Ministers of Economy and Finance lately. As a follow up to the Extraordinary Conference of African Union Ministers of Economy and Finance Read the rest of this entry »

ENERGY PARTNERSHIP

Energy Partnership: Joint Expert Group Meetings (JEG) und High Level Meeting (HLM)

EUEI
In 2010, the EUEI PDF continued to extensively support the Africa-EU Energy Partnership (AEEP). In addition to the secretarial services provided to the Co-Chairs of the Partnership (African Union Commission, Mauritius, Austria and Germany), the European and African Implementing Teams and the Joint Experts Group (JEG) Read the rest of this entry »

Conference: Hydropower for Sustainable Development
hs4sd
Hydropower for Sustainable Development 2011 will take place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 31 March – 1st April 2011. Invited are high-level policy makers, regional planners, civil society representatives, industry leaders and the financial sector who will gather to discuss solutions for sustainable development in Africa, and the role that sustainable hydropower can play in solving water and energy challenges. Read the rest of this entry »

MDGs PARTNERSHIP
Audition report: EU Development Assistance for Basic Education

EU EU assistance achieved some of the expected improvements in basic education in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, but less than intended, according to a special report published today by the European Court of Auditors. Read the rest of this entry »

Experts Review Meeting of the 2011 MDGs Report
AU The overall purpose of the 2011 Report is to provide a rigorous assessment of progress in Africa toward the achievement of the MDGs which will serve as a basis for policy discussion, peer learning, and advocacy as well as provide the impetus for policy decision and action Read the rest of this entry »

CLIMATE CHANGE PARTNERSHIP
New restoration project for Kenya’s Mau Forest complex
UNEP The European Commission, Government of Kenya and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) are set to announce a major new partnership to assist in the restoration of part of the Mau Forest Complex. Concentrated in the northwestern region of the forest, the partnership Read the rest of this entry »

MIGRATION, MOBILITY AND EMPLOYMENT PARTNERSHIP
Enhancing academic mobility: Launch of the Nyerere programme

Africa and Europe in Partnership In the framework of the thematic partnership “migration, mobility and employment”, and in line with the commitments taken in the two Action Plans, the African Union programme Mwalimu Nyerere will be henceforth supported by the European Union via the Intra-ACP University Mobility Programme. Read the rest of this entry

Launch of the Frontex operation “Hermes” in Italy
EU Following the launch of the Frontex operation “Hermes” EU Commissioner Malmström made the following statement Read the rest of this entry »

Conference: Employment for Peace, Stability and Development a Regional Strategy for the Horn of Africa
AGI The Horn of Africa is characterized by the challenges it presents both to those within the region and beyond. Fragile peace agreements, ongoing protracted conflicts, social unrest, localized instability in isolated areas, struggle over control of natural resources, where disenfranchisement provides a shelter for rebel groups Read the rest of this entry »

African Diaspora Technical Committee of Experts Meeting
ADPC On February 21-22, 2011, the South African government in cooperation with the African Union Commission hosted a Technical Committee of Experts Meeting in Pretoria. The technical experts were asked to come up with concrete policy proposals for bankable projects within the ambit of political, economic and social areas of cooperation. Read the rest of this entry »

SCIENCE, INFORMATION SOCIETY AND SPACE PARTNERSHIP
Joint invitation to project proposals between France, Germany and the Sub-Saharan Africa

Africa and Europe in Partnership Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF/Germany) and the “Agence inter-établissements de recherche pour le développement” (AIRD/France) under the patronage of the French Ministry for Higher Education and Research (MESR) and the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (MAEE) call for proposals Read the rest of this entry »

African Higher Education Harmonization and Tuning Validation workshop
Africa and Europe in Partnership
As part of the 2nd Action Plan and as a follow-up to the regional harmonisation workshop organised in Addis Ababa in July 2010, the European and African Union Commissions are organising a validation workshop in Nairobi on 14-15 March, hosted by the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology of Kenya. Read the rest of this entry »

Europe
EU Commission launches Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity with the Southern Mediterranean
EU The European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign and Security Policy today presented a Communication on a Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity with the Southern Mediterranean. This Strategy spells out what Europe can do to support the momentous changes in our Southern Neighbourhood Read the rest of this entry »

Libya: EU imposes arms embargo and targeted sanctions
EU The Council of the European Union adopted today a decision implementing the UN Security Council Resolution on Libya of 26 February (UNSCR 1970/2011) and imposing additional restrictive measures against those responsible for the violent crackdown on the civilian population. Read the rest of this entry »

Council of the EU: Conclusions on the Sahel
EU At the 3065th Foreign Affairs Council meeting Brussels the Council adopted the following conclusions Read the rest of this entry »

EU Commission thinks about Africa in EU drive for raw materials
EUobserver Europe’s development policy and external lending practices should play a greater role in securing raw materials from key producer regions such as Africa, the European Commission is set to propose in a new policy paper Read the rest of this entry »

Africa
Decisions and Declarations of the January 2011 AU Summit
AU The 16th Ordinary Session of the African Union (AU) Summit under the theme: “Towards greater unity and integration through shared values” ended on Monday 31st January 2011 in Addis Ababa with more commitment of the AU Heads of State and Government to the Assembly Decisions and Declarations arrived at during their deliberations. Read the rest of this entry »

Sudanese Parties Hold Post-Referendum Negotiations in Ethiopia
AU On 5 March 2011, the Parties to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) concluded a six-day negotiation session on post referendum issues at Kuriftu Resort, Bishoftu, Ethiopia. Read the rest of this entry »

The African Union supports a peaceful and short transition to democratically-elected institutions in Egypt
AU The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU), Jean Ping, takes note of the decision of Mr. Hosni Mubarak to resign from his position as President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. He notes that this resignation meets the aspirations of the Egyptian people, including its youth, for a genuine opening of the political space towards the democratic transformation of the country through the implementation of appropriate reforms. Read the rest of this entry »

AUC receives the First Vice President of Sudan and the President of South Sudan
AU On the margins of the 16th African Union Summit, which ended yesterday, 31 January 2011, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC), Dr. Jean Ping, received the First Vice President of Sudan and President of the Government of South Sudan, H.E. Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit, who were attending the Summit. Read the rest of this entry

Readings
Shopping for raw materials: Should Africa be worried about the EU Raw Materials Initiative?

ECDPM This ECDPM Discussion Paper focuses to a large extent on the EU Raw Materials Initiative, which, in itself, is a policy document of the EU, with no legal enforcement, that makes recommendations for the Commission to act in a coherent manner at different levels. The Initiative provoked numerous animated reactions among many African countries Read the rest of this entry »

The Nordics and EU-Africa Relations – Is the Joint Africa-EU Strategy still the future?
NAI Originally billed as the panacea for policy incoherence, the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) is a bold attempt to move from a donor-recipient relationship to a partnership of equals, looking beyond development issues. It was jointly negotiated and agreed with African stakeholders. The JAES’ profile, however, has dropped since the last Africa-EU Summit in Tripoli Read the rest of this entry »

Green Revolutions for Sub-Saharan Africa?
Chatham House In most of sub-Saharan Africa, faster growth in agriculture is a precondition for sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. This will require technical progress tailored to Africa’s varied agro-ecologies, notably improved seeds, more fertilizer and water management. Models of how to do this are available from Asia’s Green Revolution and from some recent African success stories. Read the rest of this entry »

The EU’s role in promoting and implementing the responsibility to protect in Africa: turning political commitments into effective action
UNU-CRIS
At the 2005 World Summit, an important normative shift occurred in the definition of sovereignty as the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) gained prominence. This paper investigates how the European Union (EU) has promoted the R2P principle at the EU and the international level Read the rest of this entry »

Selection of recent and upcoming events
29-30 November: 3rd EU-Africa Summit (Tripoli, Libya)
4-5 December: World Climate Summit (Cancun, Mexico)
24-31 January: African Union Summit: “Towards Greater Unity and Integration through Shared Values” (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
8-9 February: The Future of Africa is Now! The Critical Role of Capacity Development (Kigali, Rwanda)
9-10 February: Implementing the Lisbon Treaty (The Square, Brussels, Belgium)
10 and 11 March: Extraordinary European Council on Libya and the Southern Neighbourhood (Brussels, Belgium)
10-11 March: Experts Review Meeting of the 2011 MDGS Report (Kampala, Uganda)
14-15 March: African Higher Education Harmonization and Tuning Validation workshop (Nairobi, Kenya)
15 March: 48th meeting of the APR Panel of Eminent persons of the African Peer Review Mechanism (Johannesburg, South Africa)
17-18 March: Africa – EU Energy Partnership (AEEP), Sixth JEG Meeting (Port-Louis, Mauritius)
21-25 March: Fraud and Corruption Africa Summit (Cape Town, South Africa)23-25 March: 7th CAADP Partnership Platform (Yaounde, Cameroon)
23-26 March: ICT for Africa 2011: “ICT for Development in Africa – Sustaining the Momentum and Extending the Reach” (Ota, Nigeria)
29 March- April 1: International Partnerships Conference: Doing Business with Africa (Canary Islands)
31 March-1 April: Hydropower for Sustainable Development (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
4 -8 April: Africa-EU Joint Task Force Meeting (Brussels, Belgium)
April 6-7: 15th Regional EuroAfrica-ICT FP7 Awareness Workshop (Khartoum, Sudan)
25-29 April: African Diaspora Policy Center (ADPC)’s second capacity building training workshop (Accra, Ghana)
26-27 April:NEPAD-OECD Ministerial Conference: Accelerating the pace of reform in Africa by mobilising investment in infrastructure and agriculture (Dakar, Senegal)
16-18 May: ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly (Budapest, Hungary)
17-19 May: Structured Dialogue – For an efficient partnership in development: final conference (Budapest, Hungary)
15-18 June: 4th European Conference on African Studies (ECAS 4): “African engagements: On whose terms?” (The Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden)
July: EC legislative proposals on the Common Agricultural Policy post- 2013
September:
EC Communication on Trade and Development
Report on the implementation of the Policy Coherence for Development Work programme 2010-2013
October:
EC Initiative to modernize EU development policy
EC Communication on Enhancing Growth and Competitiveness in Partnership with Business
Joint ACP-EU Ministerial Trade Committee meeting (JMTC)
AU-EU Ministerial Meeting
Final report on the 2011 Survey on Monitoring the Paris Declaration
November:
Foreign Affairs Council with a development focus
21-22 November: ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly (Sierra Leone)
29 November – 09 December: COP 17(South Africa)
29 November -1 December: 4th High Level Forum on aid effectiveness (Busan, Korea)

Copyright ECDPM 2011

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