There was a necessity to adapt the institutions of the European Union (EU) and its decision-making procedures to the last enlargements towards the Central and Eastern Europe. The goals of the Lisbon Treaty were to make the EU more transparent, efficient, democratic and to cope with the new global challenges such as fight against terrorism, climate change and energy security. In order to be a global actor the EU should find its own solutions to such global problems in the 21st century. Lastly the goal is to construct a stronger and more coherent external voice for the EU.
The Lisbon Treaty introduced new positions such as the President of the Council and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The success of the persons, who were appointed to these positions and the relations between them and their interaction with the President of the Commission and the leader of the member state, who holds the Presidency, will influence the position of the EU as a global actor.
The introduction of the Lisbon Treaty opened the way towards further enlargements towards Croatia, Turkey and Western Balkans. Especially the membership of Turkey will positively affect the position of the EU as a global actor in terms of energy politics and fighting with terrorism, which are mentioned as the goals of the EU in the Lisbon Treaty. However, although the crisis after the rejection of the Constitutional Treaty in France and Netherlands was overcome with the introduction of Lisbon Treaty, current economic crisis in some of the countries of the Eurozone may probably delay the new enlargements. This paper explores the influence of Lisbon Treaty on the role of the EU in the world and its deficiencies are evaluated.
Read the full version of this paper written by Dr. Selcen Öner, from Bahçeşehir University (Turkey) here.