The Lisbon Treaty of the European Union: Implications for Africa-EU relations

AU Significant developments have taken place within Africa, the EU and globally since the beginning of the century and these have impacted on and continue to shape the relationship between Africa and the EU. On the African side, there have been the transformation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) into the African Union (AU); adoption of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) as a Programme of the AU and adoption of other continental initiatives such as the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) and the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA).

There has also been acceleration of Africa’s integration agenda, including through the rationalisation and harmonization of the Regional Economic Communities (RECs). On the EU side, progress has been made in the various stages of enlargement and continued efforts to deepen the Union. This process reached a major milestone with the adoption of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009. At the global level, new international and global challenges such the recent economic and financial crisis, climate change, and international terrorism have emerged; globalisation has accelerated and the world has become increasingly interdependent. All of the foregoing, offer opportunities for the strengthening of the Africa-EU strategic partnership. The AUC Bulletin explores these themes in its April issue.

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